NEW YORK — A federal appeals court on Thursday overturned the 2015 corruption conviction of Sheldon Silver, the once-powerful New York State Assembly speaker who obtained nearly $4 million in illicit payments in return for taking official actions that benefited others, according to evidence presented at his trial.
In vacating Silver’s conviction, the appellate court cited a U.S. Supreme Court ruling last year involving Bob McDonnell, a former Republican governor of Virginia, that narrowed the definition of the kind of official conduct that can serve as the basis of a corruption prosecution.
The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit in Manhattan concluded, in light of the Supreme Court’s narrower definition, that the jury instructions given by the judge in Silver’s trial were erroneous and that a properly instructed jury might not have convicted him.
“We recognize that many would view the facts adduced at Silver’s trial with distaste,” Judge José A. Cabranes wrote for a unanimous three-judge panel of the 2nd Circuit. “The question presented to
us, however, is not how a jury would likely view the evidence presented by the government. Rather, it is whether it is clear, beyond a reasonable doubt, that a rational jury, properly instructed, would have found Silver guilty.”
“Given the teachings of the Supreme Court in McDonnell,” Cabranes added, “and the particular circumstances of this case, we simply cannot reach that conclusion.”
Prosecutors may retry Silver, a 73-year-old Democrat from Manhattan who served more than two decades as Assembly speaker.
Silver was convicted Nov. 30, 2015 of honest services fraud, extortion and money laundering in one of the most prominent corruption trials in New York City in decades.
Silver was sentenced to 12 years in prison by the judge, Valerie E. Caproni, but he was allowed to remain free pending his appeal. He forfeited his Assembly seat upon conviction.
At trial, prosecutors presented evidence that Silver had obtained payments in return for actions taken on behalf of a prominent cancer researcher, Dr. Robert N. Taub of Columbia University, and two real estate developers, Glenwood Management and the Witkoff Group.
Cabranes’ appellate opinion was joined by Judges Richard C. Wesley and William K. Sessions III.